What are the Different Types of Overhead Crane?

What are the Different Types of Overhead Cranes?

Ever wondered how those massive engines get moved around in factories or how shipyards manage those colossal steel structures? The answer lies in the marvels of modern engineering – overhead cranes. These industrious giants are the workhorses of countless Indian industries, helping us lift, transport, and position heavy loads with precision and ease. But with a variety of overhead crane manufacturers in India offering different types, choosing the right one for your specific needs can be a daunting task. This guide will equip you with the knowledge to navigate the world of overhead cranes and select the perfect fit for your facility.


Overhead Cranes


Overhead cranes are essentially runway-mounted lifting machines suspended from the ceiling or a supporting structure. They are a crucial component in various industrial sectors, including:


  • Manufacturing (automotive, machinery, steel)
  • Warehousing and logistics
  • Power generation plants
  • Shipbuilding and fabrication workshops

Benefits of Overhead Cranes for Indian Industries:


Enhanced Efficiency: 

Overhead cranes significantly improve material handling processes, leading to faster turnaround times and increased productivity. A study by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) revealed that efficient material handling can contribute to a 15-20% reduction in production cycle time for Indian manufacturers.

Improved Safety:

 Overhead cranes eliminate the need for manual lifting, reducing the risk of workplace injuries and back strains. This is particularly beneficial considering a 2021 report by the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) stated that musculoskeletal disorders account for nearly 40% of occupational illnesses in India.

Space Optimization:

 Overhead cranes utilize vertical space effectively, freeing up valuable floor area for production processes or storage.

Main Types of Overhead Cranes in India


Now that we understand the advantages of overhead cranes, let’s delve into the two most common types used in India:

Electric Overhead Traveling (EOT) Cranes


EOT cranes are the most popular type of overhead crane in India. They consist of a bridge structure that travels along elevated runways, a hoist that lifts and lowers loads, and a trolley that moves the hoist along the bridge beam. EOT cranes come in two main configurations:

Single-Girder EOT Cranes:

These cranes are ideal for handling lighter loads (typically up to 20 tonnes) and are commonly found in workshops, assembly lines, and machine shops. Their simpler design makes them a cost-effective option for facilities that don’t require heavy lifting capabilities. Additionally, their compact size allows for better maneuverability in areas with limited space.

Key Stats:

 According to a recent industry survey, single-girder EOT cranes with capacities between 5 and 10 tonnes are the most sought-after type in India, accounting for nearly 60% of all EOT crane sales.

Double-Girder EOT Cranes:

Designed for heavier lifting applications (up to hundreds of tonnes), double-girder EOT cranes are the workhorses of heavy industries like steel mills, shipyards, and power plants. Their robust double-girder construction provides exceptional strength and stability when handling massive loads.

Key Stats: 

The Indian power sector is witnessing significant growth, with an estimated 175 GW of new power generation capacity expected to be added by 2027. This surge in demand is likely to drive the sales of heavy-duty double-girder EOT cranes in the coming years.


Gantry Cranes


Unlike EOT cranes that run on elevated runways, gantry cranes are self-supporting structures with legs that straddle the work area. This makes them ideal for outdoor applications or situations where overhead runway installation isn’t feasible. Here are two popular types of gantry cranes in India:

Portable Gantry Cranes:

These lightweight and mobile gantry cranes are perfect for maintenance tasks, machinery relocation, and lifting operations in open areas. Their portability allows for easy movement around the facility as needed.

Fixed Gantry Cranes:

These robust gantry cranes are permanently installed and offer a wider lifting area. They are commonly used in shipyards for shipbuilding and launching activities, as well as in fabrication workshops for handling large steel structures.

 Additional Factors for Choosing an Overhead Crane in India

Selecting the right overhead crane goes beyond just the type. Here are some crucial factors to consider:

Lift Capacity:

 Choose a crane with a lifting capacity that comfortably exceeds your maximum load requirements.


This refers to the horizontal distance covered by the bridge of the crane. Ensure the span is adequate to reach all desired areas within your facility.

Hoist Type:

 Two main hoist types are available: chain hoists for lighter loads and wire rope hoists for heavier applications.

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